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INFORMATION ON LIMOGES PORCELAIN

Stock nos. beginning with:
L - Limoges porcelain from France
Pattern code for Limoges
C-cobalt, W-white, B-blue, P-maroon, V-green, IV-ivory, F-Fragonard picture of couple, S-flowers, K-kartel (white center cutout), SIM-simili heavy gold band

CF
CS
CKF
CKS
CGP
WF
WS
BF
BS
PF
PS
PKF
PKS
VF
VS
SIM
IV
IVG
IVGP
cobalt with Fragonard picture of couple
cobalt with flowers
cobalt with Fragonard picture of couple on white center cutout (called “kartel”)
cobalt with flowers on white center cutout (called “kartel”)
cobalt with gold and platinum band
white with Fragonard picture of couple
white with flowers
blue with Fragonard picture of couple
blue with flowers
maroon with Fragonard picture of couple
maroon with flowers
maroon with Fragonard picture of couple on white center cutout (called “kartel”)
maroon with flowers on white center cutout (called “kartel”)
green with Fragonard picture of couple
green with flowers
simili heavy gold band
ivory
ivory with gold simulated incrustation band
ivory with gold & platinum simulated incrustation band

History of Limoges Porcelain

Limoges, is a city in France world renowned for its porcelain. The international career of Limoges porcelain had its roots on the tables of royalty and celebrities.

The history of Limoges porcelain dates back to the eighteenth century, when clay of extreme whiteness and beauty, the purest in all of Europe, was discovered in the vicinity of Limoges, France. Porcelain is the result of the transformation of clay by fire, distinguished from other ceramics by its translucidity, superior density and by being non-porous. The superior quality of Limoges porcelain is the result of the research for a very white paste, which is harder and more difficult to work with. To obtain an “Authentic” Limoges piece, it must be handled approximately 30 times, from mining of the raw materials until the finished product, culminating with the words “ Limoges France” stamped on each piece. Defective pieces, even with minute imperfections, are discarded. The rate of rejected pieces may be up to 50% for certain shapes.

Today, Limoges porcelain is produced in Limoges, France, according to the exacting standards set forth by the association of Limoges producers. It comes in a wide variety of dinnerware, decorative pieces and the well known miniatures.

The beauty of Limoges porcelain, made in France, has been much envied and imitated by other countries. As a result, there is today available “so-called Limoges” porcelain made in other countries; similar to Swiss movements made elsewhere than in Switzerland. The authentic Limoges porcelain, entirely made in Limoges, France, retains its classical beauty and timeless value. When buying Limoges porcelain, be aware of this distinction.


Information on the manufacture of Limoges Porcelain

Casting: Porcelain paste known as “barbotine” mainly composed of kaolin, quartz, feldspath and pegmatites is poured into a plaster mould, which after a period of rest and discharge of the overflow, will give the shape to the piece. Before any further handling, each piece is trimmed and rectified.

Enamelling: After baking at 960˚C, known as “dégourdi”, which gives the piece its rigidity and porosity, it is soaked in a steep bath of cobalt oxide.

Cooking: Passage in a gas furnace known as “grand feu” at 1,400˚C for a period of ten hours which reduces the volume of the mass by 14%, fusing the paste and enamel, giving its glazed and shining appearance, now deserving its name “Porcelain”.

Decoration: The decorations are done with the metallo-organics solution made from 24 carat gold. This artistic work is completed using brush, stencil, stamping and transfers. Some creations are carried out entirely by hand (gold relief, mat gold incrustation, “kartel” background). After decorating, it passes again in our furnaces at temperatures of 720˚ for brilliant gold to 840˚ for color and mat gold





 

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